Scientific schools

The General Energy Institute of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine operates two scientific schools: the Scientific School of Long-Term Energy-Economic Forecasting of the Development of the Fuel-Energy Complex (PEK), System Analysis of Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving (founder and head of science - Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine M.M. Kulyk).

The scientific foundations, mathematical tools, models, and methods of long-term forecasting of the country's economy's need for fuel and energy resources, the formation of optimal fuel and energy balances, the optimization of the development of the country's PEC as a whole and its branch systems (coal industry, electric power, nuclear power, oil, and gas complexes) have been created, heat supply systems), development of regional energy systems, non-traditional and renewable energy sources. The means of modeling the environmental consequences of the activity of energy facilities, limitations, and requirements of environmental legislation regarding the activity of the energy sector have been developed. The scientific foundations, methodological principles, and mathematical support for evaluating the effectiveness of the use of energy resources in the economy and social sphere of the country have been created, determination of energy efficiency indicators, calculation of the total energy saving potential, and its real volumes.

The scientific and practical result is the systematic development and preparation for state authorities of science-based recommendations and proposals on the structural policy of energy development, regulatory and legal problems of its functioning and development, increasing the efficiency of the use of energy and fuel and energy resources. The most important developments were the Comprehensive State Energy Saving Program of Ukraine and the Energy Strategy of Ukraine for the period until 2030, during the development of which the Institute performed the functions of the main developer. In 2017, the Institute conducted research and developed conceptual approaches to the development of Ukraine's energy industry for the period up to 2040.

About 30 doctoral and candidate ddissertations have been defended.

Scientific School of Monitoring of Energy Facilities and Information and Measurement Technologies (founder and head of science - corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine V.P. Babak).

Based on the research of this school, the scientific foundations and hardware and software for monitoring power facilities based on acoustic and heat flow sensors were created. The theoretical foundations of noise diagnostics were developed, the theory of diagnostics of onboard power systems and processing of tomographic information, methods for predicting failures of power equipment elements in conditions of a small number of abnormal deviations were developed, which made it possible to increase the probability of predicting failures and reliability of monitoring systems of the energy complex at the stages of generation, transportation and consumption of thermal energy, including the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. The scientific and practical principles of the reference base for ensuring the uniformity of measurements of the surface heat flux density, which corresponds to the world level of metrological support of measurements, original methods of diagnosing materials, methods of complex detection, localization and recognition of classes of defects for aerospace systems were created and implemented, expert systems for monitoring energy facilities based on neural networks using current and retrospective information, scientific and methodological principles of statistical research of the impact of energy balance components on air pollutant emissions, a methodology for organizing connections and interaction in the structure of distributed generation, which ensures the possibility of its self-sufficiency through the use of accumulation capacities for the functioning of renewable energy sources, the basis for improving the efficiency and safety of the integrated energy system through the electrification of heat supply.

The scientific and practical result was the development of monitoring devices and systems for the energy, aviation and astronautics, construction, and environmental protection sectors that are competitive in the global market, are sold on the domestic technological base and are widely implemented in Ukraine and abroad, in particular, at Kyivenergo, Kharkivenergo, PJSC "Hartron", SE "Plant "Electrotyazhmash" (Kharkiv), SE "Yuzhnoye" Design Bureau, NPP "Mashinostroitelstvo" (Dnipro), SE "Antonov", SE "Arsenal", etc, as well as in the UK, Korea, Lithuania, Germany, Poland, and Kazakhstan.

19 doctoral theses and 30 candidate dissertations were defended.

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